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Air Quality Control Methods for Sampling and Analysis

7 December 2019, Saturday

This document forms a guideline to the various methods employed for air sampling andanalysis for the purposes of emissions control.

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1. ISO Standards

1.1. ISO 7934:1989 Stationary source emissions – Determination of the mass
concentration of sulfur dioxide – Hydrogen peroxide/barium perchlorate/Thorin
method.

1.2. ISO 7934:1989/Amd 1:1998

1.3. ISO 7935: Stationary source emissions – Determination of the mass concentration
of sulfur dioxide – Performance characteristics of automated measuring method.

1.4. ISO 9096: Stationary source emissions – Manual Determination of mass
concentration of particulate matter.

1.5. ISO 10155: Stationary source emissions – Automated monitoring of mass
concentrations of particles – Performance characteristics, test methods and
specifications

1.6. ISO 10396: Stationary source emissions – Sampling for the automated
determination of gas emissions concentrations for permanently-installed
monitoring systems

1.7. ISO 10397: Stationary source emissions – Determination of asbestos plant
emissions method by fibre counting measurement

1.8. ISO 10780: Stationary source emissions – Measurement of velocity volume flow
rate of gas steams in ducts.

1.9. ISO 10849: Stationary source emissions – Determination of the mass
concentration of nitrogen oxides – Performance characteristics of automated
measuring systems

1.10. ISO 11338-1: Stationary source emissions – Determination of gas and particle-
phase polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Part 1: Sampling.

1.11. ISO 11338-2: Stationary source emissions – Determination of gas and particle-
phase polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Part 2: Sample preparation, clean-up and
determination.

1.12. ISO 11564: Stationary source emissions – Determination of the mass
concentration of nitrogen oxides -Naphthylethylenediamine photometric method.

1.13. ISO 11632: Stationary source emissions – Determination of mass concentration
of sulphur dioxide – Iron chromatography method.

1.14. ISO 12039: Stationary source emissions – Determination of carbon monoxide,
carbon dioxide and oxygen – Performance characteristics and calibration of
automated measuring systems.

1.15. ISO 12141: Stationary source emissions – Determination of mass concentration
of particulate matter (dust) at low concentrations- Manual gravimetric method.

1.16. ISO 14164: Stationary source emissions – Determination of the volume flow-rate
of gas streams in ducts – Automated method.

1.17. ISO 15713: Stationary source emissions – Sampling and determination of
gaseous fluoride content.

2. EPA methods

2.1. Method 1- Traverse Points

2.2. Method 1A – Small Ducts

2.3. Method 2 – Velocity – S-type Pitot

2.4. Method 2A – Volume Meters

2.5. Method 2B – Exhaust Volume Flow Rate

2.6. Method 2C – Standard Pitot

2.7. Method 2D – Rate Meters

2.8. Method 2F – Flow Rate Measurement with 3-D Probe

2.9. Method 2G – Flow Rate Measurement with 2-D Probe

2.10. Method 2H – Flow Rate Measurement with Velocity Decay Near Stack Walls

2.11. Memo – New Test Procedures of Stack Gas Flow Rate in Place of Method 2

2.12. Method 3 – Molecular Weight

2.13. Method 3A – CO2, O2 by instrumental methods

2.14. Method 3B – CO2, O2 by Orsat apparatus

2.15. Method 3C – CO2, CH4, N2, O2 by determined by thermal conductivity

2.16. Method 4 – Moisture Content

2.17. Method 5 – Particulate Matter (PM)

2.18. Method 5D – PM Baghouses (Particulate Matter)

2.19. Method 5E – PM Fiberglass Plants (Particulate Matter)

2.20. Method 5F – PM Fluid Catalytic Cracking Unit

2.21. Method 51- Determination of Low Level Particulate Matter Emissions

2.22. Method 6 – Sulphur Dioxide (SO2)

2.23. Method 6A – SO2, CO2

2.24. Method 6B – SO2, CO2 – Long Term Integrated

2.25. Method 6C – SO2 – Instrumental

2.26. Method 6C – Figures SO2

2.27. Method 7 – Nitrogen Oxide (NOX)

2.28. Method 7A – NOX – Ion Chromatographic Method

2.29. Method 7B – NOX – Ultraviolet Spectrophotometry

2.30. Method 7C – NOX – Colorimetric Method

2.31. Method 7D – NOX – Ion Chromatographic

2.32. Method 7E – NOX – Instrumental

2.33. Method 8 – Sulfuric Acid Mist

2.34. Method 9 – Visual Opacity

2.35. Method 10 – Carbon Monoxide-NDIR

2.36. Method 10A – CO for Certifying CEMS

2.37. Method 10B – CO from Stationary Sources

2.38. Method 11- H2S Content of Fuel

2.39. Method 12 – Inorganic Lead

2.40. Method 13A – Total Fluoride (SPADNS Zirconium Lake)

2.41. Method 13B – Total Fluoride (Specific Ion Electrode)

2.42. Method 14 – Fluoride for Primary Aluminium Plants

2.43. Method 14A – Total Fluoride Emissions from Selected Sources at Primary
Aluminium Plants

2.44. Method 15 – Hydrogen Sulfide, Carbonyl Sulfide, and Carbon Disulfide

2.45. Method 15A – Total Reduced Sulfur (TRS Alt.)

2.46. Method 16 – Sulfur (Semicontinuous Determination)

2.47. Method 16A – Total Reduced Sulfur (Impinger)

2.48. Method 16B – Total Reduced Sulfur (GC Analysis)

2.49. Method 17 – In-Stack Particulate (PM)

2.50. Method 18 – VOC by GC

2.51. Method 19 – SO2 Removal & PM, SO2, NOX Rates from Electric Utility Steam
Generators

2.52. Method 20 – NOX from Stationary Gas Turbines

2.53. Method 21 – VOC Leaks

2.54. Method 22 – Fugitive Opacity

2.55. Method 23 – Dioxin and Furan (02/91 FR Copy).

2.56. Method 25 – Gaseous Nonmethane Organic Emissions

2.57. Method 25A – Gaseous Organic Concentration (Flame Ionization)

2.58. Method 25B – Gaseous Organic Concentration (Infrared Analyzer)

2.59. Method 26 – Hydrogen Chloride, Halides, Halogens

2.60. Method 26A – Hydrogen Halide & Halogen- Isokinetic

2.61. Method 28A – Air to Fuel Ratio, Burn Rate – Wood-fired Appliances

2.62. Method 29 – Metals Emissions from Stationary Sources

2.63. Method 101 – Mercury from Chlor-Alkali Plants (Air)

2.64. Method 101A – Mercury from Sewage Sludge Incinerators

2.65. Method 102 – Mercury from Chlor-Alkali Plants (Hydrogen Streams)

2.66. Method 103 – Beryllium Screening Method

2.67. Method 104 – Beryllium Emissions Determination

2.68. Method 106 – Determination of Vinyl Chloride

2.69. Method 107A – Vinyl Chloride content of Solvents

2.70. Method 108 – Particulate & Gaseous Arsenic emissions

2.71. Method 108B – Arsenic

2.72. Method 108C – Arsenic

2.73. Methods 203A, B, and C – Opacity Determination for Time-Averaged Regulations

2.74. Method 303 – By-product Coke Oven Batteries

3. British standards

3.1. BS 3405:1983 Method for measurement of particulate emission including grit and
dust (simplified method).

3.2. BS EN 14181:2004 Stationary source emissions. Quality assurance of automated
measuring systems.

3.3. BS EN 15259: Air quality. Measurement of stationary source emissions.
Measurement strategy, measurement planning, reporting and design of
measurement sites.

3.4. BS EN 15267-1: Air quality. Certification of automated measuring systems.
General principles.

3.5. BS EN 15267-2: Air quality. Certification of automated measuring systems. Initial
assessment of the AMS manufacturer’s quality management system and post
certification surveillance for the manufacturing process.

3.6. BS EN 15267-3: Air quality. Certification of automated measuring systems.
Performance criteria and test

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